科学美国人:Sheep's Face-Reading Skills Stand Out from the Flock

60秒科学节目(SSS)是科学美国人网站的一套广播栏目,英文名称:Scientific American - 60 Second Science,节目内容以科学报道为主,节目仅一分钟的时间,主要对当今的科学技术新发展作以简明、通俗的介绍,对于科学的发展如何影响人们的生活环境、健康状况及科学技术,提供了大量简明易懂的阐释。

Here’s one of the stranger celebrity sightings out there: Researchers have confirmed that sheep can recognize the actors Emma Watson and Jake Gyllenhaal. 

"Yeah I think it's very cool." Jennifer Morton is a neurobiologist at the University of Cambridge. "The reason we chose celebrities is we were sure they'd never met these people."

The experiment worked like this. First, Morton's team trained eight sheep to recognize the famous faces. And the sheep correctly chose the celeb's face over a stranger's 80 percent of the time. 

Next they presented faces at a slight angle. The sheep got only two-thirds of those right. But that's on par with how human performance dips for the same problem. 

Proving that sheep have advanced facial recognition skills, the scientists say…comparable to humans or our primate cousins. The study is in the journal Royal Society Open Science. [Franziska Knolle et al., Sheep recognize familiar and unfamiliar human faces from two-dimensional images]

If you're wondering, "Why sheep?" 

"Sheep chose me rather than the other way around." There's a good model of Huntington's disease in sheep. So Morton says studying cognitive tasks like facial recognition in sheep--and the decline in those abilities in Huntington's sheep—might offer insights into the human condition. 

—Christopher Intagliata

相关信息

使用搜索工具,可以更快找到你想要的资料!

特别推荐
最新资料