经济学人:英国渔业之争:做鱼开吃(02)

In any case, Britain will find that, unless it is willing to continue sharing access to its waters, it will lose access to valuable foreign markets.

英国将会发现,无论如何它都会失去珍贵的国外市场,除非它愿意分享它的水域。

Consider Norway, which as a non-EU member has control of its own waters.

想想挪威,对于自己的水域有控制权的非欧盟成员。

It nonetheless co-operates with the EU and other countries over fish quotas in 90% of them, in order to maintain its own fishermen's access to fisheries inside the EU.

为了维护本国渔民可以进入欧盟内部市场的权益,在90%的渔业配额上面它还是要和欧盟以及其他国家合作。

Of the 700,000 tonnes of fish landed in Britain each year, some 500,000 is exported, two-thirds of it to the EU.

在英国,每年有七十万吨的鱼被打捞上岸,其中大约有五十万吨出口外国,三分之二发往欧盟。

Without a mutual deal, which would surely include giving European fishermen some access to British waters, those exports would face World Trade Organisation tariffs averaging some 12%.

若未达成一项共同协议,其中肯定包括给予欧洲渔民一些进入英国水域的机会,这些出口将面临缴纳世界贸易组织平均约为12%的关税。

In the past the EU has responded to fishing disputes with Norway and the Faroe islands by banning all imports.

在过去,欧盟会禁止一切进口来应对与挪威和法罗群岛的渔业争端。

British fishermen would soon find that, to borrow a phrase from the Brexiteers, “we need them more than they need us”.

英国渔民很快就会发现,借用脱欧支持者的话,“比起他们需要我们,我们更需要他们”。

Consumers would notice, too, since most of the fish on British dinner plates is imported.

消费者也会注意到的,因为英国人餐盘里的鱼大多数都是进口的。

A third of it comes from the EU, and British fishermen net about a sixth of their total catch in French, Belgian, Dutch, Danish or Irish waters.

其中三分之一来自于欧盟,英国渔民的渔网捕获的水产有大约六分之一来自于法国、比利时、荷兰、丹麦或爱尔兰的水域。

Britons may decide that they are willing to pay higher prices for the privilege of banning foreign vessels from British waters.

英国人可能决定他们愿意取得在英国水域禁止外国船只的特权,并为之支付更高的代价。

But such a rule would have to be enforced, at extra cost.

但是这样的法规将不得不付出额外成本强制推行。

The “cod wars” with Iceland in the 1950s-70s saw gunboats deployed to protect fisheries.

在二十世纪五十年代到七十年代,英国与冰岛的“鳕鱼战争”时,炮艇曾被部署用于保护渔业。

Some Brexiteers would doubtless enjoy such a muscular exertion of sovereignty.

一些脱欧者无疑喜欢这样展示主权国家的肌肉。

But for ordinary Britons who, since the referendum, have endured a squeeze on incomes comparable to that during the financial crisis of 2008, the fishing industry is a distraction.

但是对于普通英国人来说,公投后他们已经忍受着几乎与2008年金融危机期间一样程度的收入下降了,所以渔业问题是在转移视线。

The aviation business is bracing for a hard exit.

航空工业正在准备应对退出后面临的难关。

The finance industry, which contributes 7% of GDP, is in danger of decamping.

金融行业虽然贡献了7%的GDP,但是却存在撤出的风险。

Britain's Brexit negotiators have bigger fish to fry.

英国的脱欧谈判官有更重要的事要做。

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