科学美国人:This Cell Phone Needs No Battery

60秒科学节目(SSS)是科学美国人网站的一套广播栏目,英文名称:Scientific American - 60 Second Science,节目内容以科学报道为主,节目仅一分钟的时间,主要对当今的科学技术新发展作以简明、通俗的介绍,对于科学的发展如何影响人们的生活环境、健康状况及科学技术,提供了大量简明易懂的阐释。

A dying battery is a huge annoyance for cell phone users. But for engineers? It's inspiration. "Can we design a smartphone which can make a phone call and have a conversation without the need for any kind of battery?"

Shyam Gollakota is a computer scientist at the University of Washington. And he and his team have indeed designed a battery-free phone. It looks like a circuit board, with touch-responsive numeric buttons. And it runs on just a few microwatts of power, which it harvests from light, and the radio signals emanating from a nearby wireless base station. 

The team achieved the battery-free, energy-efficient design by ditching two power-hungry features of modern cell phones. The test unit skips digital to analog conversion. And does not generate its own wireless signals to make calls. 

Instead, in receiving mode, it absorbs incoming radio waves from the base station, and converts them directly into vibrations of its speaker. In sending mode, it uses the vibrations of its onboard microphone to change the way radio waves are reflected back to the base station.

And it worked, to make a Skype call: <"Hello?" "Hello, from the battery-free cell phone.">

The findings appear in the Proceedings of the Association for Computing Machinery on Interactive, Mobile, Wearable and Ubiquitous Technologies. [Vamsi Talla et al., Battery-Free Cellphone]

The demo device does have limitations: It can only stray 50 feet from the base station. The voice quality is pretty lo-fi. And you can't check Facebook either—yet. "Oh, <laughs>—we're going to get there. This is again a first step. Think of it as like: you need to make a first move to get someplace where you can harvest power to do other operations." 

And it’s those other operations that will ultimately be crucial. Because, battery or not, you could argue that voice calls are by now just a neat retro feature of our ever-smarter phones.

—Christopher Intagliata

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