历史今天:麦哲伦开始环球旅行

【英文原文】

Ferdinand Magellan (Portuguese: Fernão de Magalhães; Spanish: Fernando de Magallanes) (Spring 1480 – 27 April 1521, Mactan Island, Cebu, Philippines). Ferdinand Magellan was born circa 1480 at Sabrosa, near Chaves, in the province of Tras-os-Montes, one of the wildest districts of Portugal. However, he subsequently obtained Spanish nationality in order to serve the Spanish Crown, so that he could try to find a westward route to the Spice Islands of Indonesia. He thereby became the first person to lead an expedition across the Pacific Ocean. This was also the first successful attempt to circumnavigate the Earth. Although he did not complete the entire voyage (he was killed during the Battle of Mactan in the Philippines), Magellan had earlier traveled eastward to the Spice Islands, so he became one of the first individuals to cross all of the meridians of the Globe.

【中文译文】

麦哲伦(葡萄牙语:费尔南日马加良斯;西班牙文:Fernando de Magallanes) (1480春季 - 1521年4月27日,死于菲律宾宿务麦克坦岛) 。麦哲伦大约1480年出生在葡萄牙一个荒凉的地区——萨布罗萨,临近查韦斯。不过,他后来获得西班牙国籍,以便为西班牙王室服务,从而帮助他完成向西到达印度尼西亚香料群岛的旅行。他成为率领探险队穿越太平洋的第一人。这也是第一次尝试成功的环球旅行。尽管他没有完成整个航程(他在菲律宾麦克坦战役中被杀害) ,麦哲伦还是到达了到香料群岛的旅行,所以他成为穿越子午线的第一人。

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