阅读理解:如何不看文章答题

  英语测试中阅读理解部分是最让考生紧张而又担心的部分。它量大,难度较高。因此,阅读理解题发挥如何决定着考生得分的高低。许多考生在做阅读理解部分时,最大感受就是时间紧、答案选项迷惑性大,因而很难及时而又准确地选出答案。如何在没有足够时间进行深入阅读或文章太难而看不懂的情况下进行答题,我们在总结、归纳历年四、六级真题特点是基础上,向考生介绍一些紧急情况下的应试技巧。

  阅读理解题答案项特征

  通过研究历届四、六级阅读理解题,我们发现,在所列出的四个选项中,也有一些普遍性规律可循。如果考生了解、熟悉并掌握了这些规律,他(她)们就可以找到做题时的"第六感觉",达到所谓超常发挥的水平。如果考生来不及看文章,万般无奈下凭这些规律可以选中不少正确选项。

  (一)答案项中有绝对语气词的一般不是正确答案项。这些语气词有:must, always, never, the most, all, only, have to, any, no, very,completely, none, hardly等。

  例(1) One of the great changes brought about by the knowledge society is that _____ .(1995年6月六级题22)

  A. the difference between the employee and the employer has become

  insignificant.

  B. people"s traditional concepts about work no longer hold true.

  C. most people have to take part-time jobs.

  D. people have to change their jobs from time to time.

  (分析:四个选项中,C、D两项中都含有"have to",语气太绝对化,一般被排除。考生在剩下两项中进行选择,就大大降低了难度。)

  例(2)The main idea of this passage is that _____ .(1991年6月六级题40)

  A.better use of green space facilities should be made so as to

  improve the quality of our life.

  B. attention must be directed to the improvement of recreative

  possibilities.

  C. the urban environment is providing more recreation activities

  than it did many years ago.

  D. priority must be given to the development of obligatory

  activities.

  (分析:B、D两项中均有must be,语气太绝对化,故一般被排除。考生结合短文内容在剩下两项中进行选择,命中率就极高了。)

  (二)选项中含有不十分肯定的语气词一般是正确答案项。这些语气词有:can, could, may, should, usually, might, most(大多数),more or less, relatively, be likely to, possible, whether or, not necessarily等。

  例(1)It can be inferred from the passage that the author believes .(1999年6月四级题30)

  A.Americans are more ambitious than people in other countries

  B. in many countries success often depends on one"s social status

  C. American businesses are more democratic than those in other

  countries

  D. businesses in other countries are not as competitive as those

  in America

  (分析:选项B中often一词,语气委婉,不十分肯定,故为答案。而其它三项中所表达出的语气都明显绝对化。)

  例(2) According to the passage the problems of college education partly arise from the fact that――.

  A. society can"t provide enough jobs for properly trained college

  graduates

  B. high school graduates do not fit the pattern of college

  education?

  C. too many students have to earn their own living

  D. college administrators encourage students to drop out

  (分析:答案项C中有have to,语气太绝对化,故被排除。而A项中can"t的语气则不十分绝对化,故为答案。)

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