高级口译英语听力笔记

Note-taking and Gap filling:

culture/ set/ behavior/ value/ society/ share
culture/ primary behavior, practice/ difference/ socially acceptable behavior/
different countries
global/ travel/ emergence/ multinational organization
cultural difference
therefore/ different/ socially acceptable business behavior
business behavior/ vary/ different cultures
say no/ different countries
socially unacceptable/ say no/ even/ ultimate answer/ negative
Japan/ never/ say no/ each other/ business people from other countries
Prolonged discussion
Until/ negative
Japanese businessman/ agree
Negotiation/ resume
American/ value decisiveness
Decision/ effective
American/ say no/ quickly
Offensive/ people/ discussion/ vary/ different cultures/ countries
Business/ physically closer/ familiar
Frequently/ two businessmen/ business negotiation
Business between Japan and Latin American countries
Close/ judge/ closer/ agreement/ business negotiation
Physically/ stand/ sit
America/ dislike/ others/ invade/ personal space/ esp. men
If/ businessman/ Japan/ move towards American businessman/ back away
Consequently/ suspicion of each other/ poor communication
Business card/ different significance/ different countries
Japanese/ exchange/ business card/ important ritual
Most important person/ exchange business card first
Managers/ note/ details/ thorough
10-15 minutes/ exchange business card/ qualification/ experience
answer questions/ compliment each other
American business people/ collect business card
View/ information/ important
Accept/ quickly/ 2-3 seconds
Coat pocket/ glance/ later/ office/ examine/ details
Finally/ cultures/ ethical behavior/ unethical
America/ bribe/ unethical/ illegal
Charge/ criminal activity/ jail/ crime

Employee/ caught/ taking bribe/ fine/ a lot of money
Other countries/ different attitudes/ bribery
Europe/ business gift/ acceptable/ conduct business
Details vary/ different countries/ Europe
Example/ Spain/ bribe/ regular business/ illegal/ law/ not concern
Germany/ people/ bribe/ business/ deduct/ income tax
Necessary expense/ business organization
Bribe/ common/ government officials


Sentence translation

1 与其他许多国家一样,英国在犯罪现象方面呈上升趋势,2003年,警方接到报告的暴力事件是20年前的5倍.
2 帮助贫困人群,应当从帮助其子女开始入手,因为很多贫困家庭的子女无法享受良好的教育,而如果能帮助他们得到好的教育,他们就可以实现自助.
3 今天,我们将一起探讨社会福利在瑞典与瑞士这两个欧洲国家所起到的作用. 这两个经济体都可被成为福利国家,或是由民主掌控的社会主义.
4 自二战以来,法国实行被成为指导市场经济的制度,既国家通过某些措施,如选择部分工业对其实行国有化等,对市场经济进行指导与调控.
5 吸烟严重有害人体健康.在美国,导致本来可预防的死亡原因中,吸烟是最突出的一条.每年吸烟导致40万美国人死亡,另有1千万人遭到吸烟相关疾病的困扰.


Passage translation

1 澳大利亚是世界六大旅游目的地之一.到2005年,旅游业将成为该过第二大支柱产业. 2000年至2002年,到澳大利亚旅游的外国游客总数上升了50%. 2003年,外国游客总数突破一千九百一十万.64%的游客来自欧洲与北美.其余多位亚洲及世界其他地方的游客.商务旅游占来自海外游客总收入的1/5. 澳大利亚的旅游胜地包括: 剧院,博物馆,艺术馆,历史名胜,购物中心,体育场馆,各类商务场所等.

2 何以谓之健康?最简单的定义,莫过于无病痛之患.此乃简单的医学上定义的健康,既经过诊断治疗,没有疾病的困扰.无疑该定义是狭隘的,因其仅考虑了生理上的健康既无疾病.世界卫生组织给出了更为广泛的定义.所谓健康,是指这样一种状态,包括了更全面的生理、心理、情绪、社会、智力、环境、精神等方面的健康良好状态.对上述方面进行综合考虑,一个人才更为完整地拥有健康.因此,良好的健康应包括,与自我,与他人,与环境,均保持和谐融洽的关系,这样才能在生活中最大可能地收获.

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