1998年6月大学英语四级考试试题及参考答案

1998年6月大学英语四级考试试题及参考答案 附听力原文

Part I Listening Comprehension (20 minutes)

Section A

Directions: In this section, you will hear 10 short conversations, At the end of each conversation,a question will be asked about what was said. Both the conversation and the question will be spoken only once. After each question there will be a pause. During the pause, you must read the four choices marked A), B), C) and D), and decide which is the best answer. Then mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the center.

Example: You will hear:

You will read: A) At the office. B) In the waiting room.

C) At the airport. D) In a restaurant.

From the conversation we know that the two were talking about some work they had to finish in the evening. This is most likely to have taken place at the office. Therefor, “At the office” is the best answer. You should choose [A]on the answer Sheet and mark it with a single line through the center.

Sample Answer [ A ][B] [C] [D]

1. A) They are twins. B) They are classmates.

C) They are friends. D) They are colleagues.

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PartⅡ Reading Comprehension (35 minutes)

Directions: There are 4 passages in this part. Each passage is followed by some questions or unfinished statements. For each of them there are four choices marked A), B), C) and D). You should decide on the best choice and mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the center.

Questions 21 to 25 are based on the following passage.

Psychologist George Spilich and colleagues at Washington College in Chestertown, Maryland, decided to find out whether, as many smokers say, smoking helps them to “think and conceniraie.” Spilich put young nonsmokers, active smokers and smokers deprived (被剥夺) of cigarettes through a series of tests.

In the first test, each subject (试验对象) sat before a computer screen and pres sed a key as soon as he or she recognized a target letter among a grouping of 96. In this simple test, smokers, deprived smokers and nonsmokers performed equally well.

The next test was more complex, requiring all to scan sequences of 20 identical letters and respond the instant one of the letters transformed into a different one. Non-smokers were faster, but under the stimulation of nicotine (尼古丁), active smokers were faster than deprived smokers.

In the third test of short-term memory, non-smokers made the fewest errors, but deprived smokers committed fewer errors than active smokers.

The fourth test required people to read a passage, then answer questions about it. Non-smokers remembered 19 percent more of the most important information tha n active smokers, and deprived smokers bested those who had smoked a cigarette ju st before testing. Active smokers tended not only to have poorer memories but al so had trouble separating important information from insignificant details.

“As our tests became more complex.”Sums up Spilich,“non-smokers performed better than smokers by wider and wider margins”He predicts,“smokers might per form adequately at many jobsuntil they got complicated. A smoking airline pilot could fly adequately if no problems arose, but if something went wrong, smoking might damage his mental capacity.”

21. The purpose of George Spilich's experiments is _______.

A) to test whether smoking has a positive effect on the mental capacity of smokers

B) to show how smoking damages people's mental capacity

C) to prove that smoking affects people's regular performance

D) to find out whether smoking helps people's shortterm memory

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1998年6月大学英语四级考试参考答案

Part I Listening Comprehension

1-10: ABCDB CAABD

11-20:CDABC ADDBC

Part II Reading Comprehension

21.A 22.B 23.A 24.C 25.D

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听力原文

1. W: I often mistake Jim for Bob. Can you tell them apart?

M: No, they look so much alike that they even confused their mother sometimes when

they were young. Q: What is the most probable relationship between Jim and Bob?

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